Manoel da Silva Passos (Passos Manuel) was born on January 5th, 1805, in S. Martinho de Guifões, in the old Bouças district (Matosinhos), and died on January 18th, 1862, in Santarém.
He was one of the most important governors of the first Portuguese Liberalism in the 19th century.
He was the principal enhancer of masculine high school education in Portugal. This school was destined to the creation of a population scientifically and technically prepared, which would materialise, ten years later, with the creation of high school in the district’s capitals.
By decree of October 25th, 1836, he created the Academia Portuense de Belas-Artes and, on January 11th, 1837, founded the Porto Polytechnic Academy and the Lisbon Polytechnic School (the latter took over the Real de Marinha Academy’s functions). Through the decree of December 29th, 1836, he organised the medical-surgical schools in Lisbon and in Porto.