Jean Pillement (Lyon 1728 – 1808) was a French artist who trained in textile design at the Gobelins factory in Paris. He lived in Lisbon before the 1755 earthquake, where he worked as a draughtsman at the Royal Silk Factory. Having travelled around Europe, he returned to Portugal around 1782, where he excelled in pastel technique in the field of Landscape.
The painter treated idyllic countryside and marine scenes, idealising nature. He also captured aspects of Portugal linked to the fishing of the Tejo and Douro rivers. In Oporto, he laid the foundations for a current of Landscapes with Domingos Vieira and his son, Francisco Vieira, the Portuense.